Nahw – The Followers – التوابع

There are numerous instances in Arabic Language where an ﺍﹺﺳﻢ is followed by another ﺍﹺﺳﻢ. The idea is to build sentences like “tall boy“, or “The student has a book and a pen“, or “Zaid and Amr both are sick” etc. In such cases the ﺍﹺﺳﻢ which comes later is called ﺗﹷﺎﺑﹻﻊﹾ (the follower) and the one which it follows is called ﻣﹷﺘﹿﺒﹹﻮﹾﻉ (the followed one). The ﺇﹺﻋﹿﺮﺍﺏ of ﺗﹷﺎﺑﹻﻊﹾ are in accordance with its ﻣﹷﺘﹿﺒﹹﻮﹾﻉ

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Nahw – The concept of حال and ذُوالحال

The concept of ﺣﹷﺎﻝ in ﻧﹷﺤﹿﻮ is used to answer the question “How” or “in what condition”. Thus, ﺣﹷﺎﻝ is the adjective which describes the state of the ﻓﺎﻋﹻﻞ or ﻣﻔﻌﻮﻝ or both. It is always in the state of ﻧﺼﺐ . Additionally, the one being described by the condition is called ﺫﹸﻭﺍﻟﹿﺤﹷﺎﻝ . Continue reading

Nahw – Methods of reflection for the مُضارع verb

We have already learned that an ﺍﹺﺳﻢ can have three grammatical states which will determine whether it is the subject or object in a sentence or whether it exists in a possessive structure. At that time we had also learned that the verb also experiences three grammatical states, the first two being ﺭﻓﻊ and ﻧﺼﺐ and the third one being ﺟﹷﺰﹶﻡﹾ. Also, we know that it is only the ﻣﹹﻀﺎﺭﹺﻉ which experiences these states, the ﻣﺎﺿﻰ being ﻣﹷﺒﹿﻨﻰ on either ﻓﹷﺘﹿﺤﺔ or ﺳﹹﻜﹹﻮﻥ or ﺿﹷﻤﳲﺔ

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Nahw – Methods of reflection of an اِسم

Up until now we have learned that an ﺍﹺﺳﻢ which is ﻣﹹﻌﺮﹶﺏ will show its grammatical states using a ﺿﹷﻤﳲﺔ for ﺭﻓﻊ, a ﻓﹷﺘﹿﺤﺔ for ﻧﺼﺐ , or a ﻛﹷﺴﹿﺮﹶﺓ for ﺟﺮ (or the corresponding ﺗﹷﻨﻮﹺﻳﻦ). However, there are situations in Arabic Language where it is not possible to show the grammatical states using either of these three methods. As an example take a look at : Continue reading

Arabic Grammar Books

************** THE LINKS ON THIS PAGE ARE ALSO AVAILABLE IN THE PDF FILES SECTION************************ In this post I am providing links for some very important books available on the Internet which relate directly to what we are studying in the class. I had known about this site for sometime,however Hafsa prompted me to look at the books more closely. So thanks to her :) . These books are available at the al-Inaam Website. I have asked for their permission to put these PDF files on my web site and am waiting for the reply. Until then, here are the links:

I hope that these books will go a long way in increasing our knowledge of the Arabic Language. May Allah bless those who have translated these for us.

Nahw – Let us count in Arabic – and get a headache!

Remember your kindergarten class and learning to count: One, Two, Three. Easy, wasn’t it? Not the case in Arabic counting system :) . Before I even try to begin explaining the numbers and counting system in Arabic I would like to come up with a short disclaimer: if you get a headache after reading this post please do not leave inflammatory messages on my blog. I am but a poor student trying to learn counting in Arabic :) . Continue reading