Nahw – The Followers – التوابع

There are numerous instances in Arabic Language where an ﺍﹺﺳﻢ is followed by another ﺍﹺﺳﻢ. The idea is to build sentences like “tall boy“, or “The student has a book and a pen“, or “Zaid and Amr both are sick” etc. In such cases the ﺍﹺﺳﻢ which comes later is called ﺗﹷﺎﺑﹻﻊﹾ (the follower) and the one which it follows is called ﻣﹷﺘﹿﺒﹹﻮﹾﻉ (the followed one). The ﺇﹺﻋﹿﺮﺍﺏ of ﺗﹷﺎﺑﹻﻊﹾ are in accordance with its ﻣﹷﺘﹿﺒﹹﻮﹾﻉ

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Nahw – The concept of حال and ذُوالحال

The concept of ﺣﹷﺎﻝ in ﻧﹷﺤﹿﻮ is used to answer the question “How” or “in what condition”. Thus, ﺣﹷﺎﻝ is the adjective which describes the state of the ﻓﺎﻋﹻﻞ or ﻣﻔﻌﻮﻝ or both. It is always in the state of ﻧﺼﺐ . Additionally, the one being described by the condition is called ﺫﹸﻭﺍﻟﹿﺤﹷﺎﻝ . Continue reading