Nahw – Let us hit a hitting or rejoice a rejoicing – المَفعُول المُطلق

In the Arabic Language a verb may take its ﻣﹷﺼﹿﺪﹶﺭ to express:

  1. Emphasis or magnification of action
  2. Manner of action
  3. Number of times the action occurred

Note: The ﻣﹷﺼﹿﺪﹶﺭ (also known as the verbal noun) is a word that indicates the occurrence of an action and is free of tense e.g.ﻧﹷﺼﹿﺮﹲ (to assist)

The ﻣﹷﺼﹿﺪﹶﺭ, when used as such, is known as ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹷﻔﹿﻌﹹﻮﻝ ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹹﻄﹿﻠﹷﻖﹾ (or the absolute object) and is always in the state of ﻧﺼﺐ.

An example of first kind of ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹷﻔﹿﻌﹹﻮﻝ ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹹﻄﹿﻠﹷﻖﹾ is ﺍﹺﺫﺍ ﺭﹸﺟﳲﺖﹺﺍﻻﹶﺭﹾﺽﹸ ﺭﹶﺟﳲﺎﹰ (when the earth will be shaken with a shaking) i.e. shaken violently. Here the verb shake is being emphasized. This structure is also called ﺍﹶﻟﺘﳲﺎﻛﹻﻴﹿﺪ. For still greater emphasis the ﻣﹷﺼﹿﺪﹶﺭ may be reproduced a third time e.g. ﺇﹺﺫﺍ ﺩﹸﻛﳲﺖﹺﺍﻻﹶﺭﹾﺽﹸ ﺩﹶﻛﳲﴼ ﺩﹶﻛﳲﴼ (when the earth will be crushed a crushing, crushing)

The second kind of ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹷﻔﹿﻌﹹﻮﻝ ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹹﻄﹿﻠﹷﻖﹾ can be exemplified by the sentence

ﺟﹷﻠﹷﺴﹿﺖﹸ ﺟﹻﻠﹿﺴﹷﺔﹶ ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻘﹷﺎﺭﹺﻯﹾ (I sat like a Qari would sit) where the manner of sitting is being described. This structure is also called ﺍﹶﻟﻨﳲﻮﹾﻉ

Finally the third kind of ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹷﻔﹿﻌﹹﻮﻝ ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹹﻄﹿﻠﹷﻖﹾ can be depicted by the phrase ﺩﹶﻗﳲﺖﹺﺍﻟﺴﳲﺎﻋﹷﺔﹸ ﺩﹶﻗﳲﺘﹷﻴﹿﻦﹺ (the clock struck two strikings) i.e. the clock struck twice. This structure is also called ﺍﹶﻟﺘﳲﻤﹻﻴﹿﺬﹾ

Sometimes the adjective alone is expressed and the ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹷﻔﹿﻌﹹﻮﻝ ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹹﻄﹿﻠﹷﻖﹾ is understood e.g. ﺿﹷﺮﹶﺏﹶ ﺷﹷﺪﹺﻳﹿﺪﺍﹰ (he struck violently) which was actually ﺿﹷﺮﹶﺏﹶ ﺿﹷﺮﹾﺑﹷﴼ ﺷﹷﺪﹺﻳﹿﺪﺍﹰ.

Some very interesting usage of the ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹷﻔﹿﻌﹹﻮﻝ ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹹﻄﹿﻠﹷﻖﹾ can be seen in everyday phrases like ﺳﹷﻌﹿﺪﹶﻳﹿﻚﹶ which was originally ﺍﹸﺳﹿﻌﹻﺪﹸﻙﹶ ﺍﹺﺳﹿﻌﹷﺎﺩﹶﻳﹿﻦ (I am here to help) i.e. I am here to help not one, but two times. Similarly, ﻣﹷﻌﹷﺎﺫﹶ ﺍﹶﻟﻠﹽٰﻪﹺ was originally ﺃﹶﻋﹹﻮﺫﹸ ﻣﹷﻌﹷﺎﺫﹶ ﺍﹶﻟﻠﹽٰﻪﹺ (I seek the refuge of Allah) i.e. Allah forbid!. Another example of this usage is ﺧﹷﻴﹿﺮﹶ ﻣﹷﻘﹿﺪﹶﻡﹴ which was actually ﻗﹷﺪﹺﻣﹿﺖﹶ ﻗﹹﺪﹸﻭﻣﹷﴼ ﺧﹷﻴﹿﺮﹶ ﻣﹷﻘﹿﺪﹶﻡﹴ (you came a blessed coming) i.e. Welcome!

Insha Allah this introduction to the concept of ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹷﻔﹿﻌﹹﻮﻝ ﺍﹶﻟﹿﻤﹹﻄﹿﻠﹷﻖﹾ will go a long way in helping the students of Classical Arabic towards a better understanding of Arabic Grammar.

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3 thoughts on “Nahw – Let us hit a hitting or rejoice a rejoicing – المَفعُول المُطلق

  1. Beautiful MashaAllah!

    Indeed the correct way of understanding the real Islam is to refer to the Holy Quran as the basis for all knowledge and then understanding the Sunnah and Hadith in its light. Anything that cannot be linked back to the Quran cannot be declared an integral part of Islam. We must be very careful when we assume that something is or is not part of Islam. Allah has protected the Holy Book for this very purpose that no matter how much time passes the word of Allah remains pure and provides guidance to those who truly want to submit to his will and stay on course to becoming true Muslims.
    The values, injunctions, and the principles enshrined in the Book form the corner stone of the Islamic polity and the limits laid down by it provide the framework within which the laws of the Islamic State may be formulated. These principles, or limits, or framework, are immutable, but the statutes made by the State within these four corners are open to modification and change according to the needs of the times.

    The Qur’an is the last of the Divine Books, because Messenger-hood ended with Muhammad. No subsequent human opinion or pronouncement in matters of deen, therefore, can be recognized as authoritative; nor can any man-made law repugnant to the Qur’an be regarded as binding upon the Muslims. The Qur’an is a book of guidance for all mankind and transcends the barriers of time and space. The Islamic State is an instrument for the enforcement of the Laws and Injunctions embodied in the Qur’an.
    May Allah guide us and have mercy on us. Ameen.
    Abdul Momin
    http://www.quransunnat.com

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